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20230701 SCML2 contributes to tumor cell resistance to DNA damage through regulating p53 and CHK1 stability

Peng, Q.#, Shi, X.#, Li, D., Guo, J., Zhang, X., Zhang, X., & Chen, Q.* (2023). SCML2 contributes to tumor cell resistance to DNA damage through regulating p53 and CHK1 stability. Cell Death Differ 30(7), 1849–1867.(陈强)

 

Abstract

SCML2 has been found to be highly expressed in various tumors. However, the extent to which SCML2 is involved in tumorigenesis and cancer therapy is yet to be fully understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between SCML2 and DNA damage response (DDR). Firstly, DNA damage stabilizes SCML2 through CHK1-mediated phosphorylation at Ser570. Functionally, this increased stability of SCML2 enhances resistance to DNA damage agents in p53-positive, p53-mutant, and p53-negative cells. Notably, SCML2 promotes chemoresistance through distinct mechanisms in p53-positive and p53-negative cancer cells. SCML2 binds to the TRAF domain of USP7, and Ser441 is a critical residue for their interaction. In p53-positive cancer cells, SCML2 competes with p53 for USP7 binding and destabilizes p53, which prevents DNA damage-induced p53 overactivation and increases chemoresistance. In p53-mutant or p53-negative cancer cells, SCML2 promotes CHK1 and p21 stability by inhibiting their ubiquitination, thereby enhancing the resistance to DNA damage agents. Interestingly, we found that SCML2A primarily stabilizes CHK1, while SCML2B regulates the stability of p21. Therefore, we have identified SCML2 as a novel regulator of chemotherapy resistance and uncovered a positive feedback loop between SCML2 and CHK1 after DNA damage, which serves to promote the chemoresistance to DNA damage agents.

 

全文链接请见:

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41418-023-01184-3

 

 

 

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